Fouls

(To view the repercussions of committing a foul, please see Penalties)

  • Severe Foul
    • Technical Fouls
      • If an athlete’s gi is unusable.
      • If the athlete deliberately leaves the match are to escape being submitted.
      • If an athlete attempt to get his or her opponent disqualified by putting his/her opponent in an illegal position.
      • If an athlete is not wearing undergarments.
      • If an athlete applies any slippery or oily substance to their hair, body or gi.
      • If an athlete uses any substances that makes them sticky.
      • If an athlete attempts to strangle his/her opponent with one or both hands or applies pressure to the windpipe with their thumb.
      • When an athlete prevents the passage of air by covering his/her opponent’s nose and mouth.
      • When an athlete defending a single leg take down, intentionally causes his partner to hit his/her head on the ground by holding onto the attacker’s belt and pulling him/her to the ground.
      • A suplex type movement that forces an opponent’s head or neck into the ground. (A suplex takedown or lifting an opponent by the waist in order to score a take down is allowed so long as the movement does not force the opponent’s head or neck into the ground)
      • When an athlete uses a hold prohibited in his/her division.
      • Knee Reaping (More Info Coming Soon!)
      • See: Illegal Techniques
    • Disciplinary Fouls
      • The use of profane language, gestures or other offensive behavior towards his/her opponent, officials or the public.
      • The exhibition of hostile behavior.
      • When an athlete bites, pulls hair, hits or puts pressure on genitals or eyes.
      • When an athlete disrespects the seriousness of competition.
  • Serious Foul
    • When an athlete kneels or sits without grip on their opponent
    • When an athlete leaves the match area to avoid attack from opponent
    • When an athlete pushes their opponent out of bounce without attempt to score
    • When an athlete of the ground stands up to avoid combat and does not return to the ground
    • When an athlete breaks the grip of his/her opponent pulling guard and does not return to combat
    • When an athlete removes gi or belt to intentionally stop the match
    • When an athlete grabs his/her opponent’s sleeve or pant leg with the fingers inside the garment
    • When an athlete grabs inside his/her opponent’s jacket or pants, steps inside jacket or puts his/her arm through the sleeve
    • If an athlete communicates with the referee for any reason other than medical or uniform issues
    • If an athlete disobeys the referee
    • If an athlete leaves the match area before the referee announces the results
    • When an athlete exits the match area to deliberately avoid his/her opponent completing a sweep or take down (In this case, the referee will award 1 penalty point the the athlete that who exited the competition area and 2 points to their opponent)
    • In No-Gi, if an athlete grabs hold his/her opponent’s clothes
    • If an athlete places a hand or foot on their opponent’s face
    • When an athlete places his/her foot in opponent’s belt
    • When an athlete places his/her foot on opponent’s lapel without hand grips
    • When an athlete places his/her foot on opponent’s label BEHIND the neck, no matter the circumstance
    • If an athlete uses his/her belt to assist in a choke
    • If an athlete belt is untied at any time during the match
    • When an athlete takes longer than 20 seconds to re-tie their belt during a match
    • When an athlete runs around the match area to avoid combat
    • When an athlete places his/her opponent in an illegal position
    • In White belt division, if an athlete jumps into closed guard while their opponent remains standing
  • Stalling Foul
    • When an athlete does not pursue positional progression in a match or when an opponent does not allow for any progression to be made.
    • When both athletes exhibit stalling simultaneously
    • When both athletes pull guard at the same time, they have 20 seconds for one of them to reach the top position, have a submission in hold or completing a point scoring move, the referee will pause the fight and award them both with penalties.
MOVE/TECHNIQUE 4 to 12 Years of Age 13 to 15 Years of Age 16 & 17 Years and Adult/Masters White Belt Adult/Masters Blue & Purple Belts Adult/Masters Brown & Black Belts
Submission Techniques Stretching Legs Apart
Choke with Spinal Lock
Straight Foot Lock
Forearm Choke Using the Sleeve (Ezequiel Choke)
Frontal Guillotine Choke
Omoplata
Triangle (Pulling Head)
Arm Triangle
Lock Inside the Closed Guard with Legs Compressing Kidneys or Ribs
Wrist Lock
Single Leg Takedown While the Attacking Athlete Has His/Her Head Outside His Opponent’s Body
Bicep Slicer
Calf Slicer
Knee Bar
Toe Hold
Slam
Spinal Lock without Choke
Heel Hook
Locks Twisting the Knees
Knee Reaping
Scissor Takedown
In Straight Foot Lock, Turning In the Direction of Foot Not Under Attack
In Toe Hold, Applying Outward Pressure On the Foot
Bending Fingers Backwards
Grabbing the Opponent’s Belt and Throws Him/Her to the Floor On His/Her Head When Defending a Single Leg Situation While His Opponent’s Head Is on the Outside of His/Her Body
Suplex Takedown Technique, Landing with the Opponent’s Head or Neck on the Ground